Palladio was born on 30 November 1508 in Padua and was given the name Andrea di Pietro della Gondola. Stage with scenery designed by Vincenzo Scamozzi, who completed the theatre after the death of Palladio, Stage and seating of his last work, the Teatro Olimpico (1584), Very little is known of Palladio's personal life. Andrea di Pietro della Gondola (Palladio) (Padua, 30 november 1508 - Vicenza, 19 augustus 1580) was een Italiaanse architect. In his urban structures he developed a new improved version of the typical early Renaissance palazzo (exemplified by the Palazzo Strozzi). The loggia is opened by three arcades beneath a frieze, beneath a pediment. The most famous suburban villa constructed by Palladio was the Villa Capra "La Rotonda", not far from Vicenza, begun in 1566 for Count Paolo Almerico, the canon of Pope Pius IV and Pope Pius V. The site is on a gentle wooded hilltop, with views of the countryside in all directions. The Palladian villa format was easily adapted for a democratic world view, as may be seen at Thomas Jefferson's Monticello and his arrangement for the University of Virginia. The bridge was extremely popular, and copies were made for other houses, including Stowe House. Palladio called it "Basilica", explaining that the functions and form of a modern city hall resembled those of an ancient Roman Basilica. The view through the arches gave the illusion of looking down classical streets. [5] His father, Pietro, called "della Gondola", was a miller. Its design had a notable influence on many buildings across Europe, from Portugal to Germany. This idea would be adopted frequently in later Baroque churches. Of the Villa Pisani, only the central structure of the original plan remains. Born Andrea Di Pietro della Gondola in Padua in 1508, the son of a miller, Andrea Palladio was lucky to be young enough to be unaffected by the warfare which struck the Veneto in the early years of 1500. In 1844, a new tomb was built in a chapel dedicated to him in that cemetery. Une conversation avec Jean Louis Cohen, Directeur de L'Institut Français d'Architecture (I.F.A.) [8] In 1540, Palladio finally received the formal title of architect. 1560 ? [2], His career was unexceptional until 1538–39; when he had reached the age of thirty, he was employed by the humanist poet and scholar Gian Giorgio Trissino to rebuild his residence, the Villa Trissino at Cricoli. Most of his buildings were destroyed during World War II. Wilton House is another adaptation of Palladio's villa plans. A colonnade of Corinthian columns surrounded a main court. He used Romano's idea for windows framed by stone corbeaux, a ladder of stone blocks, but Palladio gave the heavy facade a new lightness and grace. The original rigorous, perfectly balanced interior is the original work of Palladio. Andrea Palladio (30. listopadu 1508, Padova – 19. srpna 1580, Maser u Trevisa) byl italský pozdně renesanční architekt a teoretik architektury.Může být zařazen i do manýrismu, a to do jeho klasicizujícího proudu, neboť jeho principy navazují na vrcholnou renesanci.Byl považován také za nejvlivnější osobnost v historii západní architektury [zdroj?] The rear facade facing the garden has a spacious loggia, or covered terrace, supported by independent columns, on both the ground level and above on the piano nobile. For other uses, see, Portrait of Palladio from the 17th century, sfn error: no target: CITEREFWundram2013 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFWundram2009 (. [24], His books with their detailed illustrations and plans were especially influential. The suburban villa was a particular type of building, a house near a city designed primarily for entertaining. The Palladian villa configuration often consists of a centralized block raised on an elevated podium, accessed by grand steps, and flanked by lower service wings, as at Villa Foscari and Villa Badoer. The red brick of the walls and columns and the white stone of the balustrades and bases of the columns give another contrast. The exterior and interior are closely integrated; the same classical elements own the facade, the columns and pediments, reappear in the interior, decorated with trompe-l'œil murals on the walls and ceiling. The villas very often had loggias, covered arcades or walkways on the outside of upper levels, which gave a view of the scenery or city below, and also gave variety to the facade. His success as an architect is based not only on the beauty of his work, but also for its harmony with the culture of his time. The plan has centralized circular halls with wings and porticos expanding on all four sides. An example was the Palazzo Thiene in Vicenza, which Romano had begun but which, after Romano's death, Palladio completed. The Hall of the Four Columns, the grand salon, could be entered by a grand stairway from either the front or back of the house. See more ideas about Andrea palladio, Palladio, Architect. The distinction between the two parts was clearly expressed in the architecture. The facade was later given stucco sculptural decoration in the Mannerist style, which has considerably deteriorated. The books were translated into many languages, and went through many editions, well into the eighteenth and nineteenth century.[26]. They particularly inspired neoclassical architects in Britain and in the United States in the 18th and 19th centuries. The Center for Palladian Studies in America, Inc. His buildings served to communicate, visually, their place in the social order of their culture. He used styles of incorporating the six columns, supported by pediments, into the walls as part of the façade. The new name is said to have been given to him by an early employer, supporter, and mentor, the scholar and grammarian Gian Giorgio Trissino (1478-1550). Another variation, the Marble Bridge, was made for Empress Catherine the Great of Russia for her gardens at Tsarskoe Selo near Saint Petersburg, Russia. The long facade was perfectly balanced. Andrea di Pietro della Gondola (beter bekend als Palladio) is geboren in Padua, op 30 november 1508 – en gestorven in Vicenza, op 19 augustus 1580. [4] The churches of Palladio are to be found within the "Venice and its Lagoon" UNESCO World Heritage Site. Behind the villa, Palladio created a remarkable nymphaeum, or Roman fountain, with statues of the gods and goddesses of the major rivers of Italy. As much as possible he simplified the forms, as he did at Villa Capra "La Rotonda", surrounding a circular dome and interior with perfectly square facades, and placing the building pedestal to be more visible and more dramatic. "Andrea Palladio. Al vroeg, werd Andrea Palladio geïntroduceerd in het werk van het gebouw. The interior frescos were painted by Ludovico Dorigny in 1680–1687), and were not part of Palladio's plan. Only a series of courageous military efforts enabled the Republic to regain its political viability. - De naam Palladio werd hem gegeven door zijn eerste opdrachtgever Gian Giorgio Trissino, als verwijzing naar Pallas Athene de Griekse godin van de Wijsheid. Palladio was born on 30 November 1508 in Paduaand was given the name Andrea di Pietro della Gondola. Als jongen van 13 ging hij in de leer als steenhouwer in Padua, maar na anderhalf jaar vertrok hij naar Vicenza om daar in de leer te gaan bij een ander atelier. From an early age, Andrea Palladio was introduced into the work of building. The proportions for the building were based on musical ratios for adjacent rooms. [18] The villa also has a series of remarkable frescos and ceiling paintings by Paolo Veronese combining mythical themes with scenes of everyday life. [31] The Center for Palladian Studies in America, Inc., a nonprofit membership organization, was founded in 1979 to research and promote understanding of Palladio's influence in the architecture of the United States. When he was thirteen, his father arranged for him to be an apprentice stonecutter for a period of six years in the workshop of Bartolomeo Cavazza da Sossano, a noted sculptor, whose projects included the altar in the Church of Santa Maria dei Carmini in Padua. His given name was Andrea di Pietro della Gondola, and his father was a humble miller. These books, reprinted in different languages and circulated widely in Europe, secured his reputation as the most influential figure in the renewal classical architecture, a reputation which only continued to grow after his death. [38], "Palladio" redirects here. Villa Piovene, Chronologische lijst van Palladio's werken, CISA Centro Internazionale di Studi di Architettura Andrea Palladio, Over het nut en de dispositie van ruimtes in de villa's van Palladio, Stad Vicenza en de Palladiaanse villa's van Veneto,, Wikipedia:Lokale afbeelding anders dan op Wikidata, Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen, Andrea di Pietro della Gondola (Palladio), Mediabestanden die bij dit onderwerp horen, zijn te vinden op de pagina. The interior, following the professions of the brothers, had both classical and religious motifs. He clearly expressed the function of each part of the building by its form, particularly elevating giving precedence to the piano nobile, the ceremonial floor, of his villas and palaces. Trissino was deeply engaged in the study of ancient Roman architecture, particularly the work of Vitruvius, which had become available in print in 1486. The height of the base is exactly the height of the attic, and the width of each portico exactly half the length of the facade. His teachings, summarized in the architectural treatise, The Four Books of Architecture, gained him wide recognition.[3]. Andrea Palladio (s pravim imenom Andrea di Pietro della Gondola), italijanski renesančni arhitekt, * 30. november 1508, Padova, † 19. avgust 1580, Maser blizu Trevisa Biografija. It was completed, with a number of modifications, by Vincenzo Scamozzi and inaugurated in 1584 with a performance of the tragedy Oedipus Rex by Sophocles. [35] They also became a common feature of later Palladian buildings in England and elsewhere. Aside from Palladio's designs, his publications further contributed to Palladianism. [13], Several other villas of this time are attributed to Palladio, including the Villa Piovene (1539) and Villa Pisani (1542). Andrea di Pietro dalla Gondola, called Andrea Palladio, was born in Padua on Nov. 30, 1508. The effect is to draw the eye upward, level by level. Palladio began to implement the classical temple front into his design of façades for villas. Two of the sons, Leonida and Orzzio, died during a short period of time in 1572, greatly affecting their father. bio je talijanski arhitekt i teoretičar; obnovitelj antičkih tradicija u arhitekturi cinquecenta (visoke renesanse 16. vijeka When he designed his rustic villas and suburban villas, he paid particular attention to the site, integrating them as much as possible into nature, either by sites on hilltops or looking out at gardens or rivers. Documents show that he received a dowry in April 1534 from the family of his wife, Allegradonna, the daughter of a carpenter. The central block is nearly square, with two low wings. The salon is let by a virtual wall of glass around the doorway of the south facade. The first book includes studies of decorative styles, classical orders, and materials. The back wall of the stage was in the form on an enormous triumphal arch divided into three levels, and three portals through which he actors could appear and disappear. [12], In his early works in Vicenza in the 1540s, he sometimes emulated the work of his predecessor Giulio Romano, but in doing so he added his own ideas and variations. (built 1560–1564): Villa Mocenigo "sopra la Brenta". Sobre sua vida pessoal pouco é conhecido. Palladio's villas inspired Monticello, the residence of the third U.S. President, Thomas Jefferson, himself an architect. The word Palladio means Wise one. De o importanță ieșită din comun sunt vilele proiectate și realizate de el în regiunea Veneto, înscrise în anul 1996 pe lista patrimoniului cultural mondial UNESCO. The more rustic functions of the house were carried on in the adjoining wings. Hij heeft een bijzonder harmonisch classicistisch schoonheidsideaal verwezenlijkt. Andrea Palladio received his first commission in the city of Venice from the Patriarch Vincenzo Diedo to re-build the facade and interior of St Pietro, but Diedo's death delayed the project. Andrea nasceu em Pádua, então parte da República de Veneza, na Itália. The interior of the main hall has a barrel-vaulted ceiling lavishly decorated with murals of mythological themes. Born Andrea Di Pietro della Gondola, he was later named Palladio after the Greek goddess of wisdom. The rustication of exposed basement walls of Victorian residences is a late remnant of the Palladian format, clearly expressed as a podium for the main living space for the family. [29], Harvard Hall at Harvard University by Thomas Dawes (1766), Monticello, residence of Thomas Jefferson (1772), Winning design for the first United States Capitol Building by Thomas Thornton (1793). [25] His most famous work was I quattro libri dell'architettura (The Four Books of Architecture), published in 1570, which set out rules others could follow. The One Hundred Eleventh Congress of the United States of America called him the "Father of American Architecture" (Congressional Resolution no. They had been skilfully brought together by Brunelleschi in the Pazzi Chapel (1420) and the Medici-Riccardi Palace (1444–1449). There is a central block flanked by two wings, the central block is recessed and the two wings are advanced and more prominent. Palladio placed niches in the walls of this salon, which were later filled with full-length statues of the ancestors of the owner. Andrea di Pietro della Gondola, vulgo Palladio (Pádua, 30 de novembro de 1508 — Vicenza, 19 de agosto de 1580) foi um arquitecto italiano, cidadão da República de Veneza. The main living quarters of the owner on the second level were clearly distinguished in importance by use of a pedimented classical portico, centered and raised above the subsidiary and utilitarian ground level (illustrated in the Palazzo Porto and the Palazzo Valmarana). [33], The style of Palladio employed a classical repertoire of elements in new ways. It also may be seen applied as recently as 1940 in Pope's National Gallery in Washington D.C., where the public entry to the world of high culture occupies the exalted centre position. Andrea studied as a stonemason and sculptor in Padua, and then, in 1524 CE, he moved to Vicenza where he joined the stonemason’s guild and earned a living producing decorative sculpture and monuments. Villa Foscari, also known as "La Malcontenta" for the name of the suburban village near Venice where it is located, faces the Brenta Canal and for this reason, unlike his other villas, it faces south to the canal. (1508 1580); Architekt (u. a.: Villa Almerico (La Rotonda), Palazzo della Ragione, Palazzo Chiericati und Teatro Olimpico in Vicenca, S. Giorgio Maggiore in Venedig) und Architekturtheoretiker (u. a. I Quattro Libri Dell Architectura, 1570) The villa is set upon a large base, and the central portico is flanked by two stairways. The upper and lower borders of the piano nobile clearly indicated on the facade by darker reddish bands of stone. It unites two classical forms, a circle and a Greek cross. Jefferson organized a competition for the first United States Capitol building. Andrea Palladio (geboortenaam; Andrea di Pietro della Gondola; 1508 Padua -1580 Vicenza) Andrea Palladio is de belangrijkste architect van de late renaissance in Italië. [28] His influence can also be seen in American plantation buildings. Palladio's approach to his villa designs was not relative to his experience in Rome. Andrea di Pietro della Gondola, numit Palladio (n.30 noiembrie 1508, Padova – d. 19 august 1580, Vicenza) a fost unul din cei mai însemnați arhitecți ai renașterii în Italia de Nord, în secolul al XVI-lea. The earliest of his villas is generally considered to be the Villa Godi (begun 1537). [17], Villa Cornaro (begun 1553) combined rustic living and an imposing space for formal entertaining. His first major work in the style was the Queen's House at Greenwich (1616–1635), modelled after Palladio's villas.[27]. He had travelled to Rome in 1549, hoping to become a Papal architect, but the death of Pope Paul III ended that ambition. All of these plans already existed before Palladio; his contribution was to refine, simplify, and use them in innovative ways. Villa Badoer (1556–1563), an early use by Palladio of the elements of a Roman temple. During the second half of his life, Palladio published many books on architecture, most famously, I quattro libri dell'architettura (The Four Books of Architecture, Venice, 1570). - De naam Palladio werd hem gegeven door zijn eerste opdrachtgever Gian Giorgio Trissino, als verwijzing naar Pallas Athene de Griekse godin van de Wijsheid. Curl, James Stevens, "A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture", "How I Spent A Few Days in Palladio's World", sfn error: no target: CITEREFWundram2009pages_76-77 (, P. Clini "Vitruvius' Basilica at Fano: The drawings of a lost building from 'De Architectura Libri Decem'" The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, Vol. He died on 19 August 1580 at either Vicenza or Maser, and was buried in the church of Santa Corona in Vicenza. It was begun in 1580 as an addition to the Villa Barbaro at Maser. : Palazzo Garzadori, for Giambattista Garzadori, Polegge, Vicenza (unbuilt project), 1557 – 1558: Palazzo Trissino in contra' Riale, for Francesco and Ludovico Trissino, Vicenza (unbuilt project), After 1561: Palazzo Della Torre ai Portoni della Bra', for Giambattista Della Torre, Verona (unbuilt project), 1564 ? In 1541, he made a first trip to Rome, accompanied by Trissino, to see the classical monuments first-hand. [8][13], The front page of I quattro libri dell'architettura (The Four Books of Architecture) (1642 edition), The type of villa invented by Palladio at the Villa Cornaro (begun 1553), located at Piombino Dese near Padua, was a mixture of villa rustica (country house), designed for country living, and a suburban villa, designed for entertaining and impressing. His father, Pietro, called "della Gondola", was a miller. From an early age, Andrea Palladio was introduced into the work of building. Genealogy for Andrea Di Pietro della Gondola Palladio (1508 - 1580) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. The building was especially influential, particularly in England and the United States, where it inspired "Neo-Palladianist" buildings such as Mereworth Castle (1724) in Kent and Thomas Jefferson's Montecello in Virginia (1772). De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie. [8], Note: The first date given is the beginning of the project, not its completion. The Farnese Palace in Rome (1530–1580) by Sangallo introduced a new kind of Renaissance palace, with monumental blocks, ornate cornices, lateral wings and multiple stairways. In 1554, he published the first of a series of books, Antiquities of Rome. His early works include a series of villas around Vicenza. – Maser, Veneto, 1580. augusztus 19.) : Palazzo Poiana in contra' San Tomaso, for Bonifacio Pojana, Vicenza (unfinished), 1555–1556 ? 259 of 6 December 2010). Palladio, influenced by Roman and Greek architecture, primarily Vitruvius,[2] is widely considered to be one of the most influential individuals in the history of architecture. : Palazzo Angaran, for Giacomo Angaran, Vicenza (unbuilt project), After 1564: Palazzo Capra al Corso, for Giulio Capra, Vicenza (unbuilt project), 1558 (built 1558–1559; 1564 – 1566): Dome of the, 1560: Monument to Giano Fregoso in the church of, After 1563: Funeral monument to Luigi Visconti in the cloister of the Chapter in the, 1564 (built 1564–1565): North portal and Almerico Chapel in the, c. 1576 (built 1576–1580): Valmarana Chapel in the Church of, 1580: Church of Santa Lucia, Venice (drawings for the interior; demolished), 1536: Portal of the Domus Comestabilis, Vicenza (attributed), 1562: Wooden theater in the Basilica for the play, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 21:37. San Georgio Maggiore was later given a new facade by Vincenzo Scamozzi (1610), which integrated it more closely into the Venetian skyline. The configuration was a perfect architectural expression of their world view, clearly expressing their perceived position in the social order of the times. In 1521 he was apprenticed for 6 years to a local stonecutter; 3 years later he broke the contract and moved to Vicenza, where he was immediately enrolled in the guild of masons and stonecutters. Villa Barbaro (begun 1557) at Maser was an imposing suburban villa, built for the brothers Marcantonio and Daniele Barbaro, who were respectively occupied with politics and religious affairs in the Veneto, or Venice region. [34], Clarity and harmony. [20], Nave of San Giorgio Maggiore, Venice (1565), Interior of Il Redentore Church in Venice (1576), The Tempieto Barbaro, built at the end of his life, was one of his most accomplished works. [21], Section of the Tempietto Barbaro, drawn by Scamozzi (1783). Friedrich Gilly's work, the National Theatre in Berlin (1798), built for Frederick the Great. He then made architectural drawings to illustrate a book by his patron, Daniele Barbaro, a commentary on Vitruvius. Andrea di Pietro della Gondola (Palladio) (Padua, 30 november 1508 - Vicenza, 19 augustus 1580) was een Italiaanse architect.De naam Palladio (gegeven door zijn eerste opdrachtgever, Gian Giorgio Trissino) verwijst naar Pallas Athene, de Griekse godin van de wijsheid. The front facade facing the road has the same plan but with narrower loggias. Please wait. [34], Palladio was inspired by classical Roman architecture, but he did not slavishly imitate it. Symmetrie en uitgebalanceerde verhoudingen vormen een wezenlijk aspect van zijn architectuur. [18], Detail of the Hall of Olympus, with frescoes by Paolo Veronese, Palladio's plan of the Villa in I quattro libri dell'architettura, 1570. Andrea Palladio (30 ta’ Novembru 1508 – 19 ta’ Awwissu 1580), ismu veru Andrea di Pietro della Gondola, kien arkitett famuż Taljan tas-seklu 16. The four brick half-columns on the facade give a strong element of verticality, carefully balanced by the horizontal balustrades on the piano nobile, and on the projecting cornice at the top. Palladio died on 19 August 1580, not long after the work was begun. This format, with the quarters of the owners at the elevated centre of their own world, found resonance as a prototype for Italian villas and later for the country estates of the British nobility (such as Lord Burlington's Chiswick House, Vanbrugh's Blenheim, Walpole's Houghton Hall, and Adam's Kedleston Hall and Paxton House in Scotland). He was asked to produce a design and model, and construction began in February 1580. The final work of Palladio was the Teatro Olimpico in the Piazza Matteotti in Vicenza, built for the theatrical productions of the Olympic Society of Vicenza, of which Palladio was a member. Another English admirer was the architect, Richard Boyle, 4th Earl of Cork, also known as Lord Burlington, who, with William Kent, designed Chiswick House. These were sometimes influenced by the work of his predecessor, Giulio Romano, and were similar to the villa of his patron, Gian Giorgio Trissino, at Cricoli, for which he had built an addition before his first trip to Rome. Adapting a new urban palazzo type created by Bramante in the House of Raphael, Palladio found a powerful expression of the importance of the owner and his social position. He became an assistant to a prominent stonecutter and stonemason, Giovanni di Giacomo da Porlezza in Pedemuro San Biagio, where he joined the guild of stonemasons and bricklayers. In addition to the Barbaros, the aristocratic Cornaro, Foscari, and Pisani families supported Palladio's career,[16] while he continued to construct a series of magnificent villas and palaces in Vicenza in his new classical style, including the Palazzo Chiericati in Vicenza, the Villa Pisani in Montagnana, and the Villa Cornaro in Piombino Dese. [19] In 1570, he was formally named "Proto della Serenissima" (chief architect of the Republic of Venice), following Jacopo Sansovino. In another departure from traditional villas, the front doors lead directly into the main salon. Stuccoed brickwork was always used in his villa designs in order to give the appearance of a classical Roman structure. The facade features a particularly imposing classical portico, like that of the Pantheon in Rome, placed before two tall bell towers, before an even higher cupola, which covers the church itself.

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